Natação em Água Fria - Benefícios e Riscos

Uma Revisão Narrativa

Lewis Pugh (o Patrono dos Oceanos das Nações Unidas) nadando no Oceano Antártico


  • Beat Knechtle Medbase St. Gallen, Switzerland
  • Zbigniew Waśkiewicz Institute of Sport Science - Academy of Physical Education, Poland
  • Caio Victor Sousa Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
  • Lee Hill Division of Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
  • Pantelis T Nikolaidis School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece


Hipotermia, Esportes De Resistência, Adaptação, Coração, Sistema Imunológico, Águas Abertas


A natação em águas frias (natação no inverno ou no gelo) tem uma longa tradição nos países do norte. Até poucos anos atrás, a natação no gelo era praticada por pouquíssimos atletas radicais. Há alguns anos, a natação no gelo é realizada como competições em águas geladas (menos de 5 °C). O objetivo desta revisão geral é apresentar o status atual dos benefícios e riscos da natação em água fria. A natação em águas frias, quando praticada por pessoas experientes e com boa saúde, de forma regular, graduada e ajustada, parece trazer benefícios à saúde. No entanto, existe o risco de morte em pessoas não familiarizadas, seja pela resposta neurogênica inicial ao choque frio, seja pela diminuição progressiva da eficiência do nado ou hipotermia.



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Artigo adaptado e traduzido para o português pelos editores de NADAR! SWIMMING MAGAZINE para republicação, conforme normas de submissão do periódico. Versão original em: LICENÇA ORIGINAL E DA ADAPTAÇÃO:



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Knechtle B, Waśkiewicz Z, Sousa CV, Hill L, Nikolaidis PT. Natação em Água Fria - Benefícios e Riscos: Uma Revisão Narrativa . Nadar! Swim Mag [Internet]. 24º de março de 2023 [citado 20º de abril de 2024];3(166). Disponível em: