Treinamento de força em natação
Palavras-chave:Treino De Resistência, Saídas, Viradas, Prevenção A Lesões, Nadadores De Elite, força, potência, musculação
Esta revisão narrativa aborda o tema do treinamento de força na natação, assunto controverso há décadas. Não se trata apenas da importância para o desempenho na largada, virada e velocidade de nado, mas também sobre a questão de como elaborar um programa de treinamento de força. Diferentes abordagens são discutidas na literatura, com dois aspectos em primeiro plano. Por um lado, está a discussão sobre a intensidade ideal no treinamento de força e, por outro lado, está a questão de como o treinamento de força específico deve ser planejado. Além de um resumo do estado atual da pesquisa sobre a importância do treinamento de força para a natação, o artigo mostra quais adaptações fisiológicas devem ser alcançadas para poder aumentar o desempenho a longo prazo. Além disso, tenta-se explicar porque alguns conteúdos de treinamento parecem bastante inadequados quando se trata de aumentar a força como base para um maior desempenho na saída, virada e nado em si. Conseqüências práticas de treinamento são então derivadas disso. Independente do desenvolvimento do desempenho do atleta, aspectos preventivos também devem ser considerados na discussão. O artigo fornece uma visão crítica das questões-chave acima mencionadas. Os pontos mais importantes na elaboração de um programa de treinamento de força para natação são uma intensidade de carga suficientemente alta para aumentar a força máxima, que por sua vez é a base da potência, treinamento de força durante todo o ano, paralelamente ao treinamento de natação e trabalho na transferência de habilidades de força adquiridas, no treinamento de natação, e não através de exercícios de treinamento de força supostamente específicos em terra ou na água.
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